The preoperational stage is the second stage in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. This stage begins around age two and last until approximately age seven. During this stage, the child learns to use the symbols of language.
The child’s thinking during this stage is pre (before) operations. This means the child cannot use logic or transform, combine or separate ideas (Piaget, 1951, 1952).
The child’s development consists of building experiences about the world through adaptation and working towards the (concrete) stage when it can use logical thought.
During the end of this stage children can mentally represent events and objects (the semiotic function), and engage in symbolic play.
This is the tendency to focus on only one aspect of a situation at one time.During this stage children have difficulties thinking about more than one aspect of any situation at the same time.
Childrens’ thoughts and communications are typically egocentric (i.e. about themselves). Egocentrism refers to the child’s inability to see a situation from another person’s point of view.
According to Piaget, the egocentric child assumes that other people see, hear, and feel exactly the same as the child does.
when given a three-dimensional model, the child expects that the person on the other side of the model is viewing the same thing as him or her.
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